BALLIN, ALBERT


BALLIN, ALBERT
BALLIN, ALBERT (1857–1918), German shipping magnate. He was the 13th child of a Danish Jew who settled about 1830 in Hamburg, where he opened a wool-dyeing shop. Later his father established an agency for shipping immigrants, which young Ballin expanded after his father's death. During the large-scale emigration of the 1880s, Ballin, as chief passenger agent for the English Carr Line, adapted the company's vessels for the transportation of steerage passengers. After keen competition with Hapag (the Hamburg–America Line), Germany's leading shipping line, the two companies merged in 1886; Ballin became head of the passenger department and in 1899 he started to lead the company. Hapag rapidly grew into one of the world's foremost shipping lines. This success was due mainly to Ballin's foresight and his setting of new standards of speed and comfort. His capacity for negotiation and compromise enabled him to form the first trans-Atlantic shipping conference, called the North-Atlantic Steamship Lines Association.   In 1901 he established the International Mercantile Marine Company, in cooperation with Morgan's shipping interests. Kaiser William II frequently turned to him for counsel on economic matters. Ballin became a behind-the-scenes negotiator. He was one of the few Jews, like emil rathenau and walther rathenau , who could get close to the antisemitic emperor. As an unbaptized Jew he married a Protestant woman. Not being close to the Jewish community of Hamburg he followed the ideal of acculturation as a Jew. Before World War I he failed in his efforts, together with sir ernest cassel , to create the basis for German-British agreement on naval armaments. In 1914, Ballin undertook the organization of food supplies for the blockaded Reich and set up its central purchasing agency. During the war he remained a moderate in his ideas about "Mitteleuropa" and his plans concerning possible territorial gains by the Reich. These views conflicted with those of the military and reduced his influence with the Kaiser around 1917. In 1918 Ballin was entrusted with negotiations for an armistice and peace preparations. On Nov. 9, revolution broke out in Germany. Kaiser William II fled the country and Ballin – in despair over the collapse of his company and the loss of the monarchy that he admired – presumably committed suicide. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P.F. Stubmann, Ballin: Leben und Werk eines deutschen Reeders (1926, 19272, abr. 1957, 19603); L. Cecil, Albert Ballin: Business and Politics in Imperial Germany 18881918 (1967); E. Rosenbaum, Albert Ballin: A Note on the Style of his Economic and Political Activities, in: YLBI, 3 (1958), 257–99. Miscellany ("…III. A Postscript to the Essay on Albert Ballin," in: YLBI 4 (1959), 267–70; H. Tramer, "Die Hamburger, Kaiserjuden," in: Bulletin des Leo Baeck Instituts, 3 (1960), 177–89; R. Hauschild-Thiessen, "Albert Ballin," in: G. Ahrens et al. (eds.), Die Reeder: Laeisz. Ballin (1989), 34–68; S. Wiborg, Albert Ballin, (2000); E. Straub, Albert Ballin: Der Reeder des Kaisers (2001); C. Schoelzel, Albert Ballin: "Ein Schiffsherr ist's … ein Kaiser neigt sich vor dem jüdischen Mann…" (2004). (Joachim O. Ronall / Christian Schoelzel (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ballin, Albert — (1857–1918)    German shipping magnate. The son of a Danish Jew who settled in Hamburg and established a small passenger service, Ballin expanded the firm into the largest shipping company in Germany, called the Hamburg America Line. It had four… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Ballin, Albert — (1857 1918)    Hamburg shipping magnate. After building up the steamship company that his father established, he took advantage of the opportunities afforded by the transatlantic passenger trade. From 1886 he transformed the Hamburg Amerika Line… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Albert Ballin — (* 15. August 1857 in Hamburg; † 9. November 1918 in Hamburg) war ein Hamburger Reeder und eine der bedeutendsten jüdischen Personen des deutschen Kaiserreiches. Er war Jude und deutscher Patriot zugleich. Ballin s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Ballin — Albert Ballin, conmemorado en una estampilla postal alemana de 1957. Albert Ballin (Hamburgo, 15 de agosto de 1857 ibídem, 9 de noviembre de 1918), fue un hombre de negocios alemán, empresario naviero que innovó el negocio del transporte marítimo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ballin [2] — Ballin, Albert, Kaufmann, geb. 15. Aug. 1857 in Hamburg, widmete sich dem Handel, errang als Organisator namentlich des Zwischendeckgeschäfts der Carr Linie bedeutende Erfolge und trat Mitte der 1880er Jahre, als die Carr Linie von der Hamburg… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ballin — Ballin, Albert, Reeder, geb. 15. Aug. 1857 in Hamburg, 1900 Generaldirektor der Hamburg Amerika Linie …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Albert Ballin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ballin. Albert Ballin Naissance 15 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert Ballin — (15 August 1857 9 November 1918) was a German businessman. He was born into a modest Jewish family of Hamburg with origins in Denmark. His father was part owner of an emigration agency that arranged passages to the United States, and when he died …   Wikipedia

  • Ballin — bezeichnet: einen Ortsteil der Gemeinde Lindetal im Landkreis Mecklenburgische Seenplatte, Mecklenburg Vorpommern, Deutschland die Gemeinde Baliny in Tschechien das US amerikanisches Bekleidungsunternehmen Ballin, siehe Ballin (Unternehmen) ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ballin — is or was a surname of several persons: *Ernst Hirsch Ballin, Dutch politician *Mabel Ballin, American motion picture actress *Albert Ballin, inventor of cruise ships …   Wikipedia


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